Turkey invaded Cyprus on Saturday, 20 July 1974. Heavily armed troops landed shortly before dawn at Kyrenia (Girne) on the northern coast meeting resistance from Greek and Greek Cypriot forces.
When did Turks occupy Cyprus?
The coup staged by the Athens’ junta against the elected government of President Makarios on July 15, 1974, served Turkey as a pretext to impose its divisive plans against Cyprus. On July 20, 1974, Turkey invaded Cyprus, violating all rules of international law, including the Charter of the United Nations.
How long did the Ottomans rule Cyprus?
Peace would continue between the two states until 1645, when a long war over Crete would break out. Cyprus itself remained under Ottoman rule until 1878, when it was ceded to Britain as a protectorate.
When did Cyprus gain independence from Turkey?
This article is about the history of Cyprus from 1878 to the present. Cyprus was part of the British Empire, under military occupation from 1914 to 1925, and a Crown colony from 1925 to 1960. Cyprus became an independent nation in 1960.
How did Cyprus get divided?
Division of Cyprus
Cyprus has been divided, de facto, into the Greek Cypriot controlled southern two-thirds of the island and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus a third. … Its territory, a result of the Turkish invasion of 1974 and whose status remains disputed, extends over the northern third of the island.
Is Turkey illegally occupying Cyprus?
The international community considers the TRNC’s territory as Turkish-occupied territory of the Republic of Cyprus. The occupation is viewed as illegal under international law, amounting to illegal occupation of European Union territory since Cyprus became a member.
Why is Famagusta forbidden?
The former resort suburb of Famagusta was abandoned and declared a buffer zone between the communities of the island after the Turkish military intervened as a guarantor power following a Greece-inspired coup attempt in 1974.
Did the Ottomans own Cyprus?
Cyprus which was ruled by different suzerains, but which never in its entire history came under Greek rule, was conquered by the Ottomans in 1571 and ruled by them until 1878.
Is Cyprus Greek or Turkish?
|Republic of Cyprus Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek) Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)|
|Capital and largest city||Nicosia 35°10′N 33°22′E|
|Official languages||Greek Turkish|
|Minority languages||Armenian Cypriot Arabic|
|Vernaculars||Cypriot Greek Cypriot Turkish|
Why is Cyprus so British?
A British protectorate under nominal Ottoman suzerainty was established over Cyprus by the Cyprus Convention of 4 June 1878, following the Russo-Turkish War, in which the British occupied the island as a consequence of the Ottoman Empire’s actions throughout the duration of the war.
Is North Cyprus safe?
Despite political tensions, an often-noticeable military presence and geographic proximity to troubled areas, North Cyprus is currently perfectly safe and a vast majority of visitors will experience no problems during their visit. The political situation is somewhat tense, but not violent.
Does Turkey recognize Cyprus?
The United States recognized Cyprus on August 16, 1960. In 1983, a Turkish-controlled area located on the northern section of the island declared its independence, calling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Turkey has been the only country in the world to recognize the TRNC, however.
Is Famagusta in the Turkish part of Cyprus?
Famagusta, Greek Ammókhostos, Turkish Gazi Mağusa, a major port in the Turkish Cypriot-administered portion of northern Cyprus. It lies on the island’s east coast in a bay between Capes Greco and Eloea and is about 37 miles (55 km) east of Nicosia. The port possesses the deepest harbour in Cyprus.