Which country get Cyprus island through Berlin Treaty?

Under the 1878 Cyprus Convention, part of the Treaty of Berlin (1878), the Ottoman Turks handed over the administration of the island to Britain in exchange for guarantees that Britain would protect the crumbling Ottoman Empire against possible Russian aggression.

Did Sultan Hamid sell Cyprus?

The Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, ceded the administration of Cyprus to Britain, in exchange for guarantees that Britain would use the island as a base to protect the Ottoman Empire against possible Russian aggression. The British had been offered Cyprus three times (in 1833, 1841, and 1845) before accepting it in 1878.

What was agreed at Berlin Congress of 1878?

Dominated by the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck, the congress solved an international crisis caused by the San Stefano treaty by revising the peace settlement to satisfy the interests of Great Britain (by denying Russia the means to extend its naval power and by maintaining the Ottoman Empire as a European power) …

Who destroyed the Ottoman Empire?

The Turks fought fiercely and successfully defended the Gallipoli Peninsula against a massive Allied invasion in 1915-1916, but by 1918 defeat by invading British and Russian forces and an Arab revolt had combined to destroy the Ottoman economy and devastate its land, leaving some six million people dead and millions …

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Why did Britain protect Ottomans?

The Ottomans were fighting wars on many fronts and began to cede control of its territories such as Greece when it became independent in 1830. … Both Britain and France had vested interests in preserving the Ottomans as best they could, in order to prevent Russian access to the Mediterranean.

How did Abdulhamid get dethroned?

In the wake of rising nationalist sentiments and alienated religious and army groups, Abdulhamid was dethroned in 1909 and spent the rest of his life under house arrest.

What were the main problems of the Congress of Berlin quizlet?

What were the major problems with the Conference? Some problems with the Conference was that it was based in racist assumptions (Social Darwinism), done for the benefit of Europeans, there was no thought given to language or cultural groups in Africa when the division occurred, and no African leaders were invited.

Did the Congress of Berlin create a more unstable Europe?

The Congress achieved Bismarck’s aim and ensured that the instability in the Balkans would not result in a general war between the great powers in Europe. However, over the long term it was a disaster for Europe. … This forced a reshuffling of alliances in Europe.

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